Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body is not able to effectively use the insulin it produces. The result is an increased concentration of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia).
Type 1 diabetes is characterized by insufficient production of insulin
Type 2 diabetes results from the inadequate use of insulin by the body. It is often the consequence of excess weight and physical inactivity.
The risk factors are :
- Obese or overweight people
- Sedentary people (physical inactivity)
- A diet too rich in fats and sugar
Think of diabetes when you see the following signs and symptoms
- Weight loss
- Intense thirst
- Excessive hunger
- A frequent need to urinate (especially at night)
- Visual blur
- Erectile dysfunction
- Wound that is slow to heal
There is no cure but a healthy lifestyle helps regulate blood sugar levels, preventing the occurrence of complications( kidney failure, blindness, neurological disorders…)
The healthy lifestyle includes :
- A balanced diet; less sugar (reduce the amount of starch ingested), less fat.
- Regular physical activity adapted to the patient’s profile. It is recommended to practice an intense aerobic physical activity 5 times a week, each session lasting at least 45 minutes.
The introduction of an anti-diabetic drug, either in tablet form or by injection, is determined by the doctor.
Lexicon: weight = weight, aerobic = in the open air