Cholera is an epidemic intestinal disease caused by ingestion of a bacteria called Vibrio cholerae. Within days following the infestation, violent diarrhoea associated or not with vomiting appears. This disease remains a threat in countries with poor hygiene.
You can get infected :
-by ingesting contaminated water;
– ingesting contaminated food such as raw or undercooked shellfish and fish, wet grains stored at room temperature, and raw or partially dried fish
– unintentionally ingesting the feces of an infected person
– ingesting food that has been handled by an infected person
To prevent cholera, you should
– Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, especially after going to the bathroom, changing diapers or helping someone use the bathroom, and before preparing food or eating
– Drink only water that you know is safe. If you are not sure, treat the water yourself (e.g., by boiling it for at least five minutes). Chlorinate or boil water for drinking, cooking, dishwashing, hand washing and brushing teeth.
– Make sure ice cream is made from uncontaminated water.
– Avoid eating raw oysters and undercooked shellfish and fish, as well as street food.
– Disinfect linens and items if soiled by feces or vomit with heat, bleach or other disinfectants
– Avoid eating raw fruits and vegetables (including salads) that have not been washed with potable water.